The Himyarite Martyrs (text) — ܣܗ̈ܕܐ ܚܡܝܪ̈ܝܐ

http://syriaca.org/work/254

Titles

  • ܣܗ̈ܕܐ ܚܡܝܪ̈ܝܐ1
  • Sāhdē Ḥmīrāyē1
  • Martyrs Himyarites (texte)1
  • The Himyarite Martyrs (text)1

Authors

Reference Numbers

http://syriaca.org/work/254

Incipit (Opening Line)

ܬܘܒ ܕܝܢ ܡܘܕܥܝܢ ܚܢܢ ܠܚܘܒܟܘܢ: ܕܒܥܣܪܝܢ ܒܟܢܘܢ ܐܚܪܝ ܕܗܕܐ ܫܢܬܐ: ܕܐܝܬܝܗܿ ܫܢܬ ܬܡܢܡܐܐ ܘܬܠܬܝܢ ܘܚܡܫ ܕܝܘܢܝ̈ܐ: ܢܦܩܢܢ ܡܢ ܚܝܪܬܐ ܕܢܥܡܢ ܥܡ ܡܝܬܪܐ ܡܪܝ ܐܒܪܗܡ ܩܫܝܫܐ ܒܪ ܐܘܦܪܘܣ: ܗܢܐ ܕܐܫܬܕܪ ܡܢ ܝܘܣܛܝܢܝܢܐ ܡܠܟܐ ܕܪ̈ܗܘܡܝܐ: ܠܘܬ ܡܘܢܕܐܪ ܡܠܟܐ ܕܛܝܝ̈ܐ: ܕܢܥܒܕ ܫܝܢܐ ܥܡ ܪ̈ܗܘܡܝܐ. 1
Nous vous communiquons encore que le vingt Kanôn II de cette année, qui est l’année 835 des Grecs, nous sommes partis de Hîrtâ de Na‘man avec le vénérable prêtre Mâr Abraham, fils d’Euphrasios, envoyé par l’empereur romain Justinien à Moundâr roi des Arabes, pour qu’il fasse la paix avec les Romains. 1

Explicit (Closing Line)

ܘܗܝܿ ܕܡܬܚܙܝܐ ܠܡܫܝܚܐ ܐܠܗܐ ܘܪܥܝܐ ܛܒܐ ܕܐܫܠܡ ܢܦܫܗ ܚܠܦ ܥܢܗ: ܘܗܝܿ ܕܥܕܪܐ ܢܣܥܘܪ ܠܡܪܥܝܬܗ ܙܒܝܢܬ ܒܕܡܗ ܝܩܝܪܐ: ܕܠܗ ܫܘܒܚܐ... ܐܡܝܢ. ܕܡܟܬܒܢܐ. ܗܠܝܢ ܐܫܟܚܬ ܘܐܦ ܐܢܐ ܥܩܒܬ ܘܝܠܦܬ ܡܢ ܐܢܫܐ ܕܐܙܠܝܢ ܗܘ̣ܘ ܘܐܬܝܢ ܠܦܢܝܬܐ ܗܝܿ... ܕܒܨ̈ܠܘܬܗܘܢ ܢܬܢܛܪ ܟܬܘܒܐ ܡܚܝܠܐ ܡܢ ܟܠ ܕܒܝܫ. ܐܡܝܢ. 1
Et ce qui est apparu au Christ Dieu bon pasteur, qui s’est livré pour son troupeau, et ce qui est utile, qu’il le fasse à son troupeau racheté par son sang précieux; à lui gloire… Amen. Du scribe. Ces choses, je les ai trouvées, et j’ai aussi enquêté sur elles et je me suis informé aurprès de gens qui circulaient dans cette région… Que par leurs prières le faible scribe soit gardé de tout mal. Amen. 1

Editions

Paul Bedjan (ed.), Acta martyrum et sanctorum (Parisiis; Lipsiae: Harrasssowitz, 1890)., vol: 1, : p. 372-397 + variantes p. 537-541.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record (Edition from manuscript witness 1. See below.)
Pius Zingerle, Chrestomathia syriaca (Romae: Typis S. C. de propaganda fide, 1871)., : Rome, 1871, p. 175-190.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record (Edition from manuscript witness 11. See below.)
Simeon, La lettera di Simeone vescovo di Bêth-Ar'sâm sopra i martiri omeriti (Roma, 1881)., : 7 (1881), p. 1-15 (syr. après p. 32 de l’extrait).Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record (Edition from manuscript witnesses , 3. See below.)

Modern Translations

  • Italian: Simeon, La lettera di Simeone vescovo di Bêth-Ar'sâm sopra i martiri omeriti (Roma, 1881)., pp: 12-27, Note: de l’extrait .Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record 1
  • Portugese: Francisco Maria Esteves Pereira, Historia dos martyres de Nagran: versão ethiopica (Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional, 1899)., pp: 3-31, Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record 1
  • Syriac Manuscript Witnesses

    variantes du ms Berlin, Königliche Bibliothek, syr. 75 (Sachau 222), f. 455-464 1
    ms Londres, British Library, Add. 14650, f. 155v-161v + ms Vatican, Borg. Syr. 91, f. 49v-57 1
    mss Dawra, Monastère chaldéen, cod. 622, f. 201-214 ? 1
    mss Dawra, Monastère chaldéen, cod. 624, f. 216-248 1
    mss Dawra, Monastère chaldéen, cod. 626, f. 104-109 1
    mss Dawra, Monastère chaldéen, cod. 629 (olim Alqosh, Monastère N.-D. des Semences, cod. 216 Vosté), f. 210-227 1
    mss Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, syr. 295, f. 111v-126v 1
    mss Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, syr. 309, f. 155v-174 1
    ms Berlin, Königliche Bibliothek, or. quart. 1051 (Assfalg 25), f. 47-55v 1
    ms Berlin, Königliche Bibliothek, or. oct. 1257 (Assfalg 27, olim Abbeloos, dein Bedjan), p. 357-393 1
    The manuscript witnesses for edition 2 are undetermined. 1

    Works Cited

    Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

    • 1 Ugo Zanetti and Claude Detienne, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca, entry: 33.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 2 F. M. Esteves Pereira, Historia dos martyres de Nagran (Lisbonne, 1899)., pp: XIII-XXV.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 3 I. Shahid, "The Martyrs of Najran: Miscellaneous Reflexions." Le Muséon vol. 93 (1980)., pp: 149-161.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 4 J. Ryckmans, "Les Rapports de dépendance entre les récits hagiographiques relatifs à la persécution des Himyarites." Le Muséon vol. 100 (1987)., pp: 297-305.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 5 I. Shahid, "The Martyrs of Najran: Further Reflections." Le Muséon vol. 103 (1990)., pp: 151-153.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 6 Patriarche Ignace Jacques III أغناطيوس يعقوب الثالث, Al-šuhadāʾ al-ḥimyarīyūn al-ʿArab fī al-wathāʾiq al-suryānīya (Damas, 1966).Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 7 J. Halévy, "Examen critique des sources relatives à la persécution des Chrétiens de Nedjran par le roi juif des Himyarites." Revue des Études Juives vol. 18 (1889)., pp: 16-42, 161-178.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 8 J. Halévy, "Un Dernier Mot sur la lettre de Siméon de Beit-Arscham." Revue sémitique vol. 8 (1900)., pp: 88-95.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 9 J. Halévy, "Remarque sur un point contesté touchant le persécution de Nedjran." Revue des Études Juives vol. 21 (1890)., pp: 73-79.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 10 L. Duchesne, "Note sur le massacre des Chrétiens himyarites au temps de l’Empereur Justin." Revue des Études Juives vol. 20 (1890)., pp: 220-224.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 11 J. Deramey, "Les Martyrs de Nedjran au pays des Homérites en Arabie (522-525)." Revue de l'histoire des religions vol. 28 (1893)., pp: 14-42.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 12 J. Ryckmans, La Persécution des chrétiens himyarites au sixième siècle, Uitgaven van het Nederlands historisch-archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul, vol. 1 (Istanbul, 1956)Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 13 S. Smith, "Events in Arabia in the 6th Century A.D.." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies vol. 16 (1954)., pp: 425-468.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 14 P. Devos, "CR de Ryckmans-Smith." Analecta Bollandiana vol. 75 (1957)., pp: 247-250.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 15 I. Shahid, On the Martyrs of Najrân (Washington, 1973).Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 16 F. De De Blois, "The date of the ‘Martyrs of Najran’." in Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, 1:2-3 (1990) (1990)., pp: 110-127.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 17 P. Marrassini, "Note di storia etiopica 3. Problemi cronologici relativi ai fatti di Nagran." Egitto e Vicino Oriente vol. 2 (1979)., pp: 179-196.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 18 I. Shahid, "Further reflections on the sources for the Najran martyrs." in M.M. Ibrahim (ed.), Arabian Studies in Honour of Mahmoud Ghul (Wiesbaden, 1989)., pp: 161-172.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 19 L. Van Rompay, "The Martyrs of Najran, Some Remarks on the Nature of the Sources." in J. Quaegebeur (ed.), Orientalia antiquaStudia Paulo Naster oblata vol. 2 , Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta, vol. 13 (Louvain, 1982Louvain, 1982), pp: 301-309.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    • 20 J. Ryckmans, "A confrontation of the main hagiographic accounts of the Najrān persecution." in M.M. Ibrahim (ed.), Arabian Studies in Honour of Mahmoud Ghul (Wiesbaden, 1989)., pp: 113-133.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
    Status: draft
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    Relationships

    The Himyarite Martyrs (text) commemorates (1) records.
    Anonymi 1907 - ܣܗ̈ܕܐ ܚܡܝܪ̈ܝܐ(Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saintssaint, 518/523 ) Names: Sāhdē ḤmīrāyēHimyarite martyrsSāhdē ḤmīrāyēMartyrs HimyaritesAnonymi 1907 Anonymi 1907 is commemorated in The Himyarite Martyrs text a work surviving in at least 11 manuscripts including variantes du ms Berlin Königliche...URI: http://syriaca.org/person/1907

    See Also

    • BHS: 33
    • BHO: 100
    • BHO: 101

    How to Cite This Entry

    Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “The Himyarite Martyrs (text) — ܣܗ̈ܕܐ ܚܡܝܪ̈ܝܐ ” in Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca Electronica last modified November 5, 2015, http://syriaca.org/work/254.

    Bibliography:

    Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “The Himyarite Martyrs (text) — ܣܗ̈ܕܐ ܚܡܝܪ̈ܝܐ .” In Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca Electronica, edited by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent and David A. Michelson. Vol. of Gateway to the Syriac Saints, edited by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al.. Syriaca.org, 2016-. Entry published November 5, 2015. http://syriaca.org/work/254.

    About this Entry

    Entry Title: The Himyarite Martyrs (text) — ܣܗ̈ܕܐ ܚܡܝܪ̈ܝܐ

    Additional Credit:

    • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent
    • Data architecture and encoding by David A. Michelson
    • Editing, Syriac data conversion, data entry, and reconciling by Adam P. Kane
    • Editing and Syriac data proofreading by Aram Bar Schabo
    • This document includes data from Ugo Zanetti, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca (unpublished database). Entries adapted from the work of Ugo Zanetti
    • This document includes data from Ugo Zanetti, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca (unpublished database). Entries adapted from the work of Claude Detienne

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